The first mentions of Bhangra as a dance entity start to show up in historical records around the late-1800s. The present model and type of Bhangra shaped collectively within the Forties and has advanced since. It originated as a folk dance celebrated throughout the time of the harvest. Bhangra is traditionally danced to the dhol instrument, a large drum, and boliyan, short sets of lyrics that describe scenes or tales from Punjab. These lyrics most commonly reference themes of affection, patriotism, energy, and celebration.
THE REGIONAL CONNECTION
Bhangra is an amalgamation of various folk dances from all across the region of Punjab, a lot of which can trace their roots far back earlier than the existence of the time period Bhangra within the late 1800s. These dances embrace Sammi, Jhummar, Luddi, Giddha, Dhamaal, Sialkot, and plenty of more.
For instance, Sialkoti developed within the region of Sialkot, and is performed with one leg in the air. Jhummar, from Jhang-Sial, can arguably be traced back to the Aryan interval and consists of a sixteen-beat dhol cycle. Sammi is a dance specifically dedicated to singing about a fabled girl. In the Nineteen Forties, communication between villages and areas in Punjab sharply elevated on account of independence movements across the area. Because of this, because of a number of celebrated dance pioneers, these dances have been shared, both in instances of celebration and to ease in instances of hardship. Every region quickly adapted the shared dance kinds into their own folk traditions. Finally, a typical Bhangra routine throughout Punjab got here to include sure elements, similar to a Jhummar section, or a Dhamaal segment. As a result of exponential rise in communication in Punjab and across India, Bhangra spread throughout the country. The Bollywood business started to depict Bhangra in its motion pictures while celebrated Bhangra pioneers emerged to actively spread and share the dance form. Because of this, Bhangra music is now quite mainstream all through India, and throughout the world!
You may have taken note of the dancers’ extraordinarily colorful Bhangra uniforms/outfits, or vardiyaan, during the performance. The vardiyaan not only emphasize the visual impact of Bhangra moves, however in addition they are designed to enable the dancer’s maximum range of motion. In different words, the vardiyaan are the right combination of aesthetics and mobility. At present, men and women typically generally tend to wear different vardiyaan while performing Bhangra.
ELEMENTS OF THE VARDIYAAN
Men tend to wear a chadr, a kurta, a vest, and a pagh, while ladies wear a salwar, a kurta, a vest, and a chunni. The chadr is the underside half of the outfit, and consists of an extended, rectangular piece of unstitched fabric tied around the dancer’s waist. It covers the majority of the dancer’s legs and is strategically tied so as to forestall the material from limiting the dancer’s movement. The feminine complement to the chadr is the salwar. The salwar consists of loose fitting trouser pants with quite a few pleats stitched into the fabric. In distinction to the chadr, the salwar covers the dancer’s leg completely. The trousers are stitched so that when the dancer performs high-knee and leg-lifting steps, the pleats artfully dangle to imitate the effect and coverage of the chadr. Nonetheless, there are some women that do wear a chadr, kurta, and/or pagh while performing Bhangra.
The kurta is common to both types of vardiyaan. The kurta is a long-sleeved tunic that comes down to approximately the dancer’s knees, or just above them. The sleeveless vest is worn over the kurta. Both the kurta and chadr are colourful, and display heavily embroidered intricate designs.
The pagh and chunni are head coverings that mirror the Sikh religion that’s predominant within the state of Punjab. Culturally, head coverings are common as well. They’re an emblem of pride, humility, fortitude, and respect. The Bhangra pagh is a protracted piece of material that’s intricately wrapped around the dancer’s head, culminating in a heavily, starched, pleated fan (turla) that crowns the whole turban. The chunni is a colorful scarf that is artfully draped around a woman’s head and pinned to her kurta and vest. There are many different aspects to the vardiyaan as well. Not limited to just jewelry, these consist of varied accent items that serve to enhance particular elements of a Bhangra routine. For instance, earrings and necklaces (i.e. jhumke, kainthe, taveet) draw consideration to a dancer’s facial expressions. Rumaalan, or handkerchiefs, had been traditionally tied round a dancer’s wrist to highlight their advanced hand movements. All parts of the vardiyaan complement the dance in that every aspect has origins steeped in that means, symbolism, and purpose.
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